Is it Testicular Cancer? Signs to Look Out For

Symptoms and signs of testicular cancer can vary, and it is vital to know what to look out for. In most cases, an area of hardness, small lump or enlarged testicle are the first signs of possible testicular cancer, and they should be looked at by your GP as soon as possible.

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Read this guide for other signs of testicular cancer and what to look out for.

Signs of Testicular Cancer

There are over 2,000 cases of testicular cancer each year with a 98 per cent survival rate. These are the signs to watch out for:

•       Swelling or painless lump on either testicle. An early tumour is around pea-size but can grow much bigger.
•       Discomfort or pain with or with no swelling in the scrotum or testicle.
•       Changes in the feel of a testicle or feeling of weight in the scrotum. One testicle may feel more firm, or one testicle has grown bigger or smaller.
•       Dull ache in groin or lower abdomen.
•       Sudden build-up of liquid in the scrotum.
•       Breast growth or tenderness. Although rare, hormones can be produced by some testicular tumours that affect the breast tissue – it’s known as gynecomastia.
•       Chest pain, bloody sputum, lower back pain and phlegm are symptoms of testicular cancer in the later stages.
•       Swelling in one or both legs or reduction of breath from a blood clot.

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Noncancerous Signs of Testicular Cancer

•       Lump or change in size in testicle.
•       A cyst (spermatocele) in the epididymis.
•       Enlargement of blood vessels – varicocele.
•       Build-up of liquid in the hydrocele, the membrane surrounding the testicle.
•       A hernia – a hole in the abdominal muscle.
•       Pain
•       Infection – either orchitis, an infection in the testicle, or epididymitis, an infection in the epididymis. If you are suffering from a suspected infection, you will most likely be prescribed antibiotics. If the infection isn’t cleared up by this, a test for testicular cancer is required.
•       Injury.
•       Twisting.

If you are worried about any of the changes you have experienced, it is important to see your doctor as soon as possible. Your doctor will ask how often you experience the symptoms and for how long.

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