Gastric ulcer: causes, symptoms to recognize it and useful remedies
A Helicobacter pylori infection or the abuse of some drugs are among the main causes of the onset of gastric ulcer, which causes symptoms such as burning and stomach ache. Let’s see how to recognize it, which diet to adopt and the natural remedies that can help alleviate the symptoms.
The gastric ulcer is a disease characterized by lesions of the stomach wall. It differs from the duodenal ulcer for localization, as the latter occurs in the duodenum, i.e. the first part of the intestine.
The gastric ulcer can be superficial or deep, causing hemorrhages, up to a real perforation of the stomach. It is caused by an imbalance between aggressive factors, such as gastric acids, and protective factors, such as the mucus produced by the cells of the stomach. The gastric ulcer may also be the consequence of a chronic gastritis, which is inflammation of the gastric walls.
It affects men to a greater extent than women, with a ratio of 3 to 1, and occurs especially in the age group between 50 and 60 years and in the lower social classes. If not properly treated, it can have serious consequences, and can become chronic, reappearing periodically over time. What are the symptoms of gastric ulcer?
Gastric ulcer: The symptoms
The main symptoms of gastric ulcer are heartburn and pain, due to the contact of stomach acids with the gastric lesion. These symptoms naturally increase on an empty stomach, as it accentuates the corrosive action, and they decrease on a full stomach or when remedies are taken which decrease the acidity of the stomach.
Other symptoms of gastric ulcer may be belching, gastric swelling, difficult digestion, reduced sensation of hunger, nausea and even vomiting in severe cases. In summary, the main symptoms can be …
- Stomach ache;
- Gastric pain;
- Difficulty of digestion;
- Appetite reduction;
- He retched.
Gastric ulcer: The main causes
The gastric ulcer in many cases is due to the presence of an infection by a microorganism called Helicobacter pylori. The abuse of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or cortisone-based drugs is also a major cause, since they decrease the factors that protect the gastric mucosa.
Stress can contribute to the onset of gastric ulcer, because it is often accompanied by a hectic lifestyle, characterized by eating habits that irritate the gastric walls, such as coffee, alcohol, irritating spices and hot peppers and even by bad habits such as smoking cigarette.
Among the causes of gastric ulcer there are also chronic gastritis, which can lead to the ulceration of the gastric walls as a consequence of the inflammatory action. More rarely, gastric ulcer can be caused by Zollinger-Ellison syndrome or tumors. Thus, the causes of gastric ulcer can be …
- Helicobacter pylori infection;
- NSAID or cortisone abuse;
- Chronic gastritis;
- Abuse of alcohol, coffee, hot peppers, irritating spices;
- Cigarette smoke.
Diagnosis of gastric ulcer
To diagnose gastric ulcer, the doctor usually prescribes gastroscopy, which, by inserting a small tube with a small camera from the mouth through the esophagus, allows you to directly view the stomach walls to verify whether or not there are of injuries.
More rarely, contrast radiography is used, but this is a less sensitive test of digestive endoscopy. To diagnose the presence or not of the Helicobacter pylori, an analysis of the breath test, which verifies the presence of the bacterium in the breathing gases, or, again, its presence in the faeces or through a biopsy on a small part of the stomach, made during gastroscopy.
Gastric ulcer: Natural remedies
The symptoms of gastric ulcer can be alleviated by some natural remedies, it being always good to ask the doctor for a suitable and specific treatment depending on the severity of the symptoms …
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1) Chamomile and passion flower tea
The chamomile has a protective and anti-inflammatory action against the gastric mucosa, therefore it is useful against gastric pain. In addition, it also helps the digestion of meals and the healing of wounds. In addition, the chamomile has relaxing properties, which together with those of passion flower, also soothing, is a perfect mix to combat stress, which very often exacerbates the symptoms of gastric ulcer.
To prepare a tea made with chamomile and passionflower, you need to boil 200 m of water, turn off the heat, pour a tablespoon of dried chamomile and a teaspoon of dried passionflower and leave to infuse for 10 minutes, covered. Filter and drink not too hot. This herbal tea can also be consumed up to 3 times a day.
2) Mallow tea
The mallow is good for stomach ulcers due to its natural protective effect. In fact, it consists of mucilages that are able to cover the stomach walls and promote cicatrization, protecting them from corrosive agents. The mallow tea can be prepared both cold and hot.
For the hot method, boil 200 ml of water and pour a tablespoon of dried mallow, covering and letting it rest for at least 15 minutes. For the cold method, in the same amount of water at room temperature a spoonful of mallow is poured and left to infuse for about 4 hours. The ideal is to consume herbal tea on an empty stomach, to increase the soothing effect on the gastric walls.
The calendula is a plant with strong anti-inflammatory and healing properties, it is often used topically for skin inflammations and wounds. To soothe the inflamed and damaged stomach, you can prepare an herbal tea, pouring a teaspoon of dried marigold flowers, in a cup of water and leave to infuse for 10 minutes.
4) Raw cabbage juice
The raw green cabbage juice, if taken consistently, promotes the healing of gastric ulcer, thanks to its high content of glutamine, an amino acid that helps to repair the lesions. You can easily prepare it using an extractor. To obtain results, it is recommended to take 2 glasses on an empty stomach for at least 10 consecutive days.
5) Ventilated green clay
Consumption of ventilated green clay buffers the excess of acids, protecting gastric lesions, and helps the cicatrization of the latter. The best method to take it is in the morning on an empty stomach, at least an hour before breakfast, after resting a teaspoon of ventilated clay in a glass of warm water overnight.
The liquorice, especially its root, is a known and effective natural remedy for gastric ulcers as protects the stomach lining, heals injuries, and also has antibacterial activity. You can take it in the form of powder, a teaspoon before meals, or infused, a teaspoon of root in a boiling cup of water, let stand for 10 minutes. Attention to doses for those suffering from hypertension, because licorice causes pressure rises.
Gastric ulcer: What to eat and what to avoid?
In the case of gastric ulcer, nutrition plays a fundamental role in the prevention of symptoms and serious consequences. An adequate food, along with the correct eating habits are the basis of a therapy that promotes healing of wounds.
It is necessary to make small meals, in order not to overload the digestion, never skip the meal and do not remain on an empty stomach for a long time, because in these cases the gastric acid juices corrode even more the gastric walls.
In general it is necessary to consume light meals, especially low in fat, and to chew slowly to facilitate digestion. Now let’s see a table that indicates the foods that can be consumed and those that are better avoided.
|Foods to be preferred:||Food not recommended:|
|Lean meats||Fatty meat and sausages|
|Lean fish (cod, hake)||Crustaceans and molluscs|
|Whole grains||Sausages and salami|
|Potatoes||Hot pepper and spicy spices|
|legumes||Ketchup-type sauces, mustard, etc.|
|Ripe apples||Alcoholic beverages|
|Ripe pears||Cocoa and chocolate|
|Lean milk and dairy products||Fried foods|
The possible consequences if not treated
About 25% of subjects with gastric ulcer can incur complications that can be more or less severe such as perforation and gastric obstruction. Among the most frequent consequences of the inadequately treated ulcer, there is bleeding resulting in anemia.
These consequences often require surgery and occur more frequently in elderly subjects and in those who have long used non-steroidal or cortisone anti-inflammatory drugs.
|Gastric ulcer in short:|